Water People Crops Fields

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The famous Pukhtoon tribes, to mention a few, are Yousafzais of Bajaur and Malakand Agencies, Banochi's are in Dist:Bannu Afridis of Khyber Agency, Kohat and Peshawar, Mohmands of Mohmand Agency, Orakzais of Orakzai Agency, Turis and Bangash of Kurram Agency, Waziris of North Waziristan Agency, Mahsuds and Urmars of South Waziristan Agency, and Bhittanis and Sheranis attached to Tank and D.I. Khan Districts. The Khattak tribe of the well known warrior-poet Khushal Khan Khattak is also one of the well known tribes of Peshawar and Kohat border. There are other smaller tribe such as Shinwaris, Mullagoris, Shilmanis, Safis, Zaimukht, Muqbil, Mangal, Zadran, Para Chamkani, Kharoti, Jadoon and Daur etc.


Ghani Khan had written a little skittish poem about Pathans, that depicts there temprament given below:

The great pot maker of fate was sitting in heaven.

This great potter of fate was making a donkey,

when the order came to make a Khan.

So the potter cut off its tail and sculpted its ears,

on its forehead he put a spot of temper

and in the donkeys brain he put the disease

of being ahead of everyone, being a leader, and

then he put a beautiful turban on his head and

shooed him towards the world.



Different hypotheses have been suggested about the origin of the Pukhtoons. Khawaja Niamatullah describes them as descendants of Jews, connecting them with the lost ten tribes of Israel. This theory of the Semitic origin of the Pukhtoons has been supported by some Pukhtoon writers, including Hafiz Rahmat Khan, Afzal Khan Khattak and Qazi Attaullah Khan. A number of orientalists like H.W. Bellew, Sir William Jones and Major Raverty have also subscribed to this view on the basis of Pukhtoon physiogonomy, and the striking resemblance of facial features between Pukhtoons and Jews. They believe that the prevalence of biblical names, certain customs and superstitions, especially smearing of the door post and walls of the house with blood of sacrificial animals, further substantiates this theory. But these presumptions do not hold good in view of the fact that resemblance in features and certain characteristics do not provide a scientific criterion for the ethnology of a race or a section of people. This can equally be said about the Kashmiris and certain other tribes who can hardly be distinguished from Pukhtoons in physique, colour and complexion. Similarly a scrutiny of the social institutions of the Arabs of the Middle Ages and present day Pukhtoons would lead one to believe that Pukhtoons are not different from them in their social organisation.

Special Thanks

Special Thanks for Prof:Samsher Ali Khan and Jahangir Khan Sikandri for history Information

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